Cross-cutting issues

By the means of traditional conservation alone, for example through the foundation of nature reserves and the protection of single threatened species, it is not possible to stop the decline of biodiversity and reverse to an upward trend. Undoubtedly, traditional conservation practices are still highly important, but in addition to these, society-wide changes are required.

We speak of mainstreaming. It means taking into consideration the consequences for biodiversity in all decisions, whether they are about taxation, education, forestry or mining. The responsibility for safeguarding biodiversity lies with all administrative sectors, but also with non-governmental organisations, the civil society and every citizen.

The mainstreaming of biodiversity is the theme for the title given above, “Cross-cutting themes”. Finland’s Biodiversity Action Plan includes 44 cross-cutting actions (actions 1–44), which are classified into nine categories:

Communication and education (actions 1–4)
Financing (actions 5 and 7–10)
Legislation (actions 11–13)
Planning and land use (actions 14–16)
Protected areas (actions 17–21)
Threatened habitats and species (actions 22–28)
Climate change and invasive alien species (actions 29–34)
Recreation and tourism (actions 35–38)
Monitoring and research (actions 39–44)