Bioenergy and wind power

33) Study the impacts of the use of bioenergy and wind power on biodiversity, and take them into account when developing regulations, subsidies and guidelines.

Responsible institutions: Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

Schedule: 2013–2015

Status in 2018: The projects Bioenergy from the Forest, the Function of the Forest Ecosystems and Forestry in a Changing Climate jointly published a final report (2012) summarising the consequences of harvesting wood fuel for the biodiversity of forests. The research on biodiversity will continue in the projects ForestEnergy2020 and Multipurpose Forests. The recommendations on harvesting wood fuel were revised in 2016. In the revision of the recommendations, the latest research results were considered. The National Strategy of Energy and Climate published in 2016 included an assessment of the consequences of the strategies on the environment and health.

In 2016, the Ministry of the Environment completed its guidelines on the assessment of the consequences of wind power plants for bird populations. The publication examines especially the procedure in land use planning and in Environmental Impact Assessments. The consequences of wind power for biodiversity have been monitored only a little – mostly the collisions of birds to power plants have been monitored in the coastal areas of the Bothnian Bay. In 2017, a literature review ordered by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment of Finland was published, examining the consequences of wind power plants for birds and bats, including also results from national monitorings.

Further information: Finland's New Energy and Climate Strategy https://tem.fi/en/energy-and-climate-strategy-2016