Ex situ protection

31) Make preparations for protecting the species most threatened by climate change, outside their natural environments (ex situ). Examine the needs for and possibilities of relocating organisms in response to climate change (i.e. assisted migration).

Responsible institutions: Ministry of Education and Culture, Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

Schedule: 2013–2020

Status in 2018:  The Life + ESCAPE has established a seed bank of Finnish threatened plant species. The number of taxa held in botanical gardens has tripled from about 50 to about 175 (Figure 1). A PhD thesis on assisted migration has been completed at the University of Helsinki, and another thesis examining the underlying environmental legislation is to be completed soon.  

Figure. The number of taxa and populations of threatened species under ex situ protection in Finland

Further information: Assisted migration on the pages of LUOMUS, The Finnish Museum of Natural History https://www.luomus.fi/en/assisted-migration

Maria Hällfors’ PhD thesis: Coming to terms with conservation under climate change: Using species distribution models and translocation trials for estimating the need and potential of assisted migration. https://helda.helsinki.fi/handle/10138/159376