National strategy for invasive alien species

34) Implement the 16 sets of measures under the national strategy for invasive alien species, and international commitments and other obligations concerning invasive alien species (e.g. IMO, HELCOM, EU).

  • Increase research on invasive alien species, on the basis of the national strategy for invasive alien species, particularly by initiating research on the impacts of invasive alien species and the effectiveness and cost-efficiency of the related prevention, so as to enable the correct targeting of measures taken to prevent the detrimental effects of such species.
  • Examine the key routes through which invasive alien species enter the country, and measures required for controlling them.
Responsible institutions: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Transport and Communications

Schedule: 2013–2020

Status in 2018:  The National Strategy for Invasive Alien Species is being implemented with respect to several actions; some of the actions have already been completed, and some have become established actions. After devising the strategy, the most important actions supporting the prevention of detrimental effects caused by invasive alien species have included:

- a negotiating committee on invasive alien species has been instated (2013)
- the Finnish Invasive Alien Species Portal has been launched (2014)
- the EU Regulation on Invasive Alien Species (2015), the Act of Managing the Risk Caused by Alien Species (2016), the Government Decree on Invasive Alien Species of National Concern (2016), and the EU List of Invasive Alien Species of Union Concern (2016) have come into force
- a monitoring system for invasive alien species has been created, national prevention prioritisations have been proposed, the EU List of Invasive Alien Species of Union Concern has been supplemented, and the Arctic Invasive Alien Species Strategy and Action Plan has been accepted (2017).

In addition, Finland ratified the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) on the 8th of September 2016.

Thanks to the EU Regulation on Invasive Alien Species and the national Act of Managing the Risk Caused by Alien Species, a significant part of the actions in the national strategy, the responsibilities of EU member states, and international responsibilities can be implemented. By virtue of the EU List of Invasive Alien Species of Union Concern and the Government Decree on Invasive Alien Species of National Concern, prevention will be directed at the most detrimental species.

Numerous research projects have investigated the consequences of invasive alien species, the effectiveness of prevention, cost efficiency of actions, and the dispersal routes and their management. These projects can be found in the Finnish Invasive Alien Species Portal (see further information).

Further information: The Finnish Invasive Alien Species Portal http://www.vieraslajit.fi/fi/content/welcome-invasive-alien-species-portal