EU programmes

8) Strive to secure funding opportunities for the conservation of biodiversity in national and EU-level preparations for the European Union’s next programming period.

Responsible institutions: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Employment and the Economy, Ministry of the Environment

Schedule: 2013–2014

Status in 2018: The Rural Development Programme for Mailand Finland 2014–2020 has been completed and it is being implemented. The effects on biodiversity will be assessed during 2019.

A Prioritised Action Framework (PAF) for biodiversity was devised to allocate EU subsidies during the funding period 2014–2020, and this action plan should have been considered when preparing the national EU funding programmes. There would have been a possibility to allocate more EU funds for biodiversity, but it was decided not to do so.

Finland has implemented the principles for the financing of biodiversity formulated by the European Commission: the integration of different financial instruments, the proofing of the effects on biodiversity, and the tracking of biodiversity financing. In 2017, the European Court of Auditors surveyed the allocation of EU subsidies to the Natura 2000 network and proposed that EU subsidies should be used for implementing this network fully. In addition, the PAF should be considered when preparing national funding programmes, and the allocation of funds should be monitored.

The preparation of the next EU funding period 2021–2027 has begun. A new PAF will be devised for biodiversity and green infrastructure, and this action plan should be taken into account when preparing the national EU funding programmes.

Further information: The Rural Development Programme for Mainland Finland 2014–2020 at the website of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry

The European Union. 2017. More efforts needed to implement the Natura 2000 network to its full potential. Special Report No 01/2017. 68 pages