Monitoring and research

Finland’s Biodiversity Action Plan comprises six actions for monitoring and research (actions 39–44). Two of these actions were considered to have been completed by the end of 2018; of the others, one is proceeding according to plan and three need a boost.

Much has been done to map ecosystem services. For example, the project National Assessment of the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity in Finland (TEEB for Finland) has been conducted, the framework for indicators of ecosystem services has been developed, and Finland has participated in the monitoring of European ecosystem services. However, a comprehensive assessment of ecosystem services is still lacking (action 39; needs a boost).

The joint use of biodiversity data has proceeded in many aspects. Especially, the Finnish Biodiversity Information Facility has been founded, which included over 30 million observations at the end of 2018. Finland's Biodiversity Action Plan webpage has established itself as a communication channel for biodiversity data (action 40; on track to completion).

With respect to green economy research, the National Assessment of the Economics of Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity in Finland has been conducted, and the accounting of ecosystem services has been developed thanks to funds from Eurostat (action 41; completed).

The collaboration between the Finnish Museum of Natural History and the Finnish Environment Institute on taxonomic research, monitoring biodiversity, and information systems has been started to be reported, and the report is expected to be completed in 2019 (action 42; needs a boost).
 
Approximately 15% of the collections of the Finnish Museum of Natural History has been digitised. At the current rate, all collections would be digitised within the following 50 years (action 43; needs a boost). 

Research Programme of Deficiently Known and Threatened Forest Species (PUTTE) was running in 2003–2016. Thanks to the project, almost 2000 species new to Finland were found and 16 novel identification books were written for different taxa (action 44; completed).