Conservation effectiveness

18) Implement measures in accordance with Decision X/31 on protected areas of the Convention, such as gap analyses and the additional measures required by them.

  • Draw up a national development plan on protected areas, through cooperation between administrative sectors and by taking climate change into account. This plan should include an assessment of the connectivity of the network of protected areas, its ecological representativeness and geographical coverage by classification of habitat type, as well as proposals for measures required for the long-term development of the network of protected areas. The Government will decide separately on any measures necessary for covering cover gaps in the network and developing it.
  • Implement the conservation objectives for Natura 2000 network areas, in accordance with the EU Habitats Directive by 2020, and regularly assess the status of the network. Land use and management plans will be drawn up for areas where it is required to do so according to the conservation objectives, and these will be implemented and maintained in cooperation with various parties.
  • The efficiency and impacts of managing and maintaining the protected area network will be assessed and improved in order to enhance the level of conservation of species and habitat types, and their adaptability to climate change.
  • Establish criteria for calculating the percentage of areas protected through conservation and other effective methods for safeguarding biodiversity of Finland’s total land area, and inland waters, coastal and marine areas. Additionally, determine this percentage and monitor the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Aichi Targets and Finland’s biodiversity strategy objective 11.
Responsible institutions: Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Employment and the Economy

Schedule: 2013–2020


Status in 2018: 

  • The national development plan of nature conservation areas in a changing climate is being done as a part of the project Finnish Protected Area Network in a Changing Climate (SUMI). In particular, the project yields information on the sensitivity of species and biotopes to climate change, and on the ability of protected areas to conserve species and biotopes (see action 30). A more extensive national development plan of nature conservation areas is yet to be prepared.

  • Sites of Community Importance (SCIs) stipulated by the Nature Directive were converted into Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) in 2014. The data of Natura 2000 areas was updated in 2015, and the ELY centres and Metähallitus completed the second round of the general planning of the Natura network in 2016 and 2017. The conservation goals of the Natura areas and the requirements for the planning have been identified. Action plans for restauration and nature management are being devised continuously. Largescale management plans have mostly been devised or updated for both new and old national parks as well as other significant conservation areas.

  • The Assessment of the State of Natura Areas were almost fully completed on state-owned land by the end of 2018, and partially on private land. During these inspections, the effectiveness of completed conservation actions and the urgency and character of needed actions are assessed.

  • By virtue of the completed Information System of Conservation, the possibilities for analysing the coverage of the conservation network have improved. At the moment, the protected areas cover about 12 % of the total land area of Finland. The principles for applying the international classification system of conservation areas in Finland were accepted by the end of 2013, which further clarifies the situation (action 21).
Further information: The Natura 2000 areas in Finland