Game

Finland’s Biodiversity Action Plan comprises five actions for game animals (actions 73–77). At the end of 2018, four of these actions were still being implemented, but they were proceeding according to schedule. One action – intervening in poaching – was considered to have become an established practice.

The management of game populations is an extensive action, encompassing the sustainability of hunting, the monitoring of game populations and the management of habitats important for game animals. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry restricts the hunting of several species through decrees. The monitoring of waterfowl has been improved, and the information systems for predators and elk have significantly improved the planning of sustainable hunting with respect to these species (action 73; on track to completion).

As for threatened game species, population management plans have been devised for the wolf and wolverine. The action plan for managing vulnerable waterfowl populations is being prepared (action 74; on track to completion).

Damages to forestry, agriculture, and traffic caused by game animals is mainly prevented by the planning of hunting, but also by other means such as by building fences along main roads as well as tunnels and wildlife crossings (action 75; on track to completion).

The raccoon dog and the American mink are the most harmful invasive alien species to the game populations. Especially the number of hunted raccoon dogs has increased substantially, and the species is effectively prevented thanks to hunting (action 76; on track to completion).

Intervening in poaching has been intensified thanks to the gross hunting offence added to the Criminal Code of Finland and the collaborative working group on wildlife supervision founded in 2012 (action 77; established practice).