Inland waters

Finland’s Biodiversity Action Plan comprises four actions for inland waters (actions 64–67). At the end of 2018, their phase of implementation varied from the completed action of agriculture and water quality to the action of water resources management plans which was considered needing a boost. 

The water quality of agricultural areas is controlled through the Rural Development Programme for Mainland Finland 2014–2020. The impact on water quality is considered in all actions of the programme (action 64; completed).

Approximately 30 development projects to improve the status of regulated watercourses have been started since 2013. The ecological consequences of water level regulation have been considered, and the living conditions of migratory fish have been improved (action 65; on track to completion).

The action of river basin management plans includes the assessment of management plans, restoration of waterbodies, investigation of underwater habitats in inland waters, and the development of the collaboration between the water and nature protection sectors. In recent years, one of the most important initiatives has been the Freshabit LIFE IP Project in 2016–2022, which integrates the objectives of water management and biodiversity, restores streams, and seeks to find common practices for defining underwater habitat types (action 66; needs a boost).

The impact of peat production and mining on inland waters has been reduced trough different projects. The cooperation between minin companies and environmental authorities has been improved and novel methods for water management have been developed, especially after the damming accident of the Talvivaara mine. The protection of water bodies in association with peat production areas have been enhanced by creating overland flow wetlands and through better supervision (action 67; on track to completion).