Substitute habitats

Finland’s Biodiversity Action Plan comprises two actions for substitute habitats (actions 60–61). The implementation of these both actions was still in progress at the end of 2018, but proceeding according to schedule. Substitute habitats refer to dry and exposed habitats that have been created as a result of road building and soil excavation. These habitats may serve as secondary habitats for threatened esker and dry meadow species.

Existing substitute habitats have been surveyed as for main roads and railways. Almost a thousand potential areas were found. According to the survey, the current mechanical clearing is mainly sufficient, but more detailed guidelines for the management of the most important areas should be drafted (action 60; on track to completion).
 
Different operating models have been designed for old mineral extraction sites, and through these models the significance of these sites to biodiversity may be increased. One of the most elaborated models is the ecosystem hotel designed by a private actor and the Finnish Environment Institute. The ecosystem hotel may host threatened species that are translocated from building sites elsewhere (action 61; on track to completion).