International issues

Finland’s Biodiversity Action Plan comprises eight actions for international issues (actions 97–104). Finland has actively participated in the international cooperation on the global arena, in development aid and local cooperation. Most (6) of the actions for international issues are either completed or they have become established actions. Nevertheless, the budget cuts in developmental aid have reduced the scope of these actions in recent years. 

Finland has examined the resources required for implementing the national Biodiversity Action Plan and Strategy, but the actual strategy for resource mobilisation has not been written yet. The international biodiversity funding of Finland has been substantially decreasing since 2015 (action 97: needs a boost).

Finland has supported the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Global Environment Fund (GEF), but the funding for these agencies has decreased in recent years (action 98; established practice).

In 2015-2017, Finland participated in the international contractual negotiations on biodiversity to enhance synergies between contracts. Finland has actively participated in the work of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), and Finnish experts have participated in the assessment work of the IPBES (action 99; established practice).  

Almost all developmental cooperation projects funded by Finland have included parts supporting biodiversity, and some projects have managed to integrate poverty reduction, securing the livelihood of local people, protection of biodiversity and the sustainable use of natural resources (action 100; established parctice).

The Ministry for Foreign Affairs has employed civil servants that work with emphasising biodiversity in development cooperation and the political dialogue (action 101; established practice).

The Fennoscandian Green Belt has advanced when the Kalevala Park was founded in Finland in 2014 and two significant national parks and one nature park were founded in Russia in 2017–2018. Finnish funding has been used to develop the Fennoscandian Green Belt together with Norwegian and Russian actors (action 102; on track to completion).

Thanks to the project on the protected area network of the Barents Region, a summary of the most valuable areas and old forests in the region has been generated (action 103; completed).

Finland has taken the initiative in the boreal ecosystem conservation of the EU Natura 2000 network (action 104; established practice).