Poverty reduction and biodiversity

100) As part of the implementation of the Development Policy Programme and by taking the equality perspective into account, Finland seeks to support development cooperation projects aimed at reducing poverty in developing countries, through the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and with the objective of safeguarding and strengthening ecosystem services. In addition, Finland seeks to promote opportunities for young experts to participate in development cooperation projects and programmes under this theme.

Responsible institutions: Ministry for Foreign Affairs

Schedule: 2013–2020

Status in 2018: In practice all development cooperation projects on the use of natural resources (including forestry, agriculture, water management and energy production) encompasses actions for biodiversity and sustainability. For example, the sanity and water project of Nepal has benefitted from the local environmental knowledge and species identification skills when protecting and managing water resources. 

The non-governmental projects funded by Finland have managed to integrate the reduction of poverty with the protection of biodiversity and the sustainable use of natural resources. For example, inventories of biodiversity in the Bukit Baka Bukit Raya national park have been conducted and the tourism services offered by the local population have been developed as a part or WWF projects in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. The Finnish Association for Nature Conservation has participated in restoring forests and Ramsar wetlands in Andasibe in the tropical rainforest of Madagascar, aiming to connect forest fragments and preserve threatened species. At the same time, employment has been offered to the local population by founding gardens for the cultivation of indigenous plants used in reforestation.
   
Thanks to Finnish funding in 2013–2018, the UN Environment Programme has employed six Junior Programme Officers, of which one has focussed on ecosystem services.

Budget cuts in developmental cooperation in 2015 substantially lowered the level of Finnish biodiversity funding. In 2017, the amount of developmental aid classified as biodiversity funding decreased by a third from the level in 2015 (see action 101).

Further information: Finland's development cooperation in Nepal https://um.fi/development-cooperation-nepal