Mires are the second most extensive major habitat type in Finland covering 20% of the country's total area and 28% of land area. Mires a relatively species-poor environment. Only some 4% of all well-known Finnish species live primarily on mires.

A more detailled description of mire habitats can be found at Biodiversity.fi

Mires provide a wealth of ecosystem services. In many cases the services related to mires overlap with those of forests. This is mainly because of the perfect and long continuum between thse two habitats: often it is not clear where a forest ends and a mire begins. Since trees grow on many mire types, mires provide the same wood and forest based services that forests do. 

Finnish mires contain a large carbon stock. Carbon containing peat also binds and filters large volumes of water.

Mires are an essential part of Finnish culture with perceptions of the habitat ranging from unproductive hindrances to movement and progress to island of peace, sometimes teeming with game and wild berries.


Berries and mushrooms
Clean water

Genetic material

Water retention
Water filtration
Carbon cycle
Erosion control
Nutrient retention
Nursery habitats

Nature tourism
Nature-related heritage
Arts and popular culture
Science and education





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