Structure: Area under crop cultivation

Area under crop cultivation began to increase in the first decades of the 20th century mainly due to mechanical development. The cultivated area decreased during the years of the Second World War but continued to increase after that until the 1970s. In 1950–1970 cultivated area increased partly because of intensive mire drainage.

Decreasing trend began already in the end of the 1960s. The cultivated area decreased especially strongly during the economic recession in the first half of the 1990s. The area has increased slightly since then. At the moment, the total cultivated area is at the same level as it was in the 1920s.

The area of fallow decreased from 1910s until the 1970s and has increased since then. The area of fallow peaked due to the economic recession in the 1990s.


The area under crop cultivation is concentrated along the coastline. These areas are mainly low-lying. In southwestern Finland the soils are composed largely on clay and are thus ideal for crop cultivation.


Utilised agricultural area. TIKE. Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.


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