Farm animals are a benefit from nature that human has affected intensively. Domestication of animals has led to effective production of animal products; meat, milk and eggs. Reared animals require barns as their living space and pastures are in use in grazing season. Currently there are 14000 cattle farms and 700 sheep farms in Finland. Pastures cover 151 000 ha (7 %) of the whole agricultural area. Grains are cultivated for fodder. Approximately 1,4 billion kg of the grain production was used for feeding the farm animals.
In 2013, 388,9 million kg of meat was produced in Finland. Major share was pig meat (ca. 50 %), poultry (28,6 %), beef (20,7 %) and only little sheep, goat and horse meat (0,4 %). The consumption of meat has increased in 20 years from 300 to 400 million kilograms. Poultry production has become more popular as consumption habits have changed. For milk, the production has stayed around 2,2 billion liters a year while the number of milk producers has declined steadily. The situation is opposite with organic milk production, the amount of produced milk is getting higher and the number of producers is slightly increasing. The egg farms are changing in production type, numbers of battery farm eggs is decreasing and barn-type hen houses with organic farmed eggs are increasing. Currently the total production is ca. 60 million eggs per year.
The numbers of organic animal products is increasing for meat, milk and eggs. Almost 90 % of the organic grain crops were used as fodder in animal farms in 2012 and 2013. Organic farming requires bigger production areas.
Grazing 2010. TIKE. Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
Kotieläintilastot 2013. http://www.maataloustilastot.fi/e-lehti-kotielaintilastot-2013/index.html.
Luomutilastot 2014. http://www.maataloustilastot.fi/sites/default/files/luomutilastot_2014_julkaisu.pdf.
Milk and milk products statistics. TIKE. Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
Meat production. TIKE. Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
- Updated (20.01.2015)