Structure: Number of animals, area of pastures


In 2010 about 151 000 ha were used as pastures for reared animals in Finland. It covers 7% of the whole agricultural area. About half of the total pastureland is used by dairy cows and 25% by other cattle husbandry. Sheep and goat husbandry and horse husbandry both use about 5–7% of the total pastureland, equaling altogether about 18 000 ha in 2013. The average length of grazing season is 4 to 6 months.


In terms of number of animals, the poultry industry is the largest with 9–12 million individuals in the 2000s. Other large industries are the husbandry of pigs and cattle. In 2013 the number of pigs was 1.3 million. There are some fluctuations in the trend but on average the number of pigs has remained quite stable. Instead the number of cattle has decreased since 1990 for more than 30%. In 2014 there were 914 000 cows in Finland.


The number of sheep, goats and horses are quite marginal compared to the three main animal industries. The number of sheep has fluctuated a lot during the past decades but has been in rise in recent years. In 2013 the number of sheep was 135 000 individuals. The number of horses has increased steadily. Only 40% of the horses are in farms so most of them are in leisure time use. The number of goats has decreased by more than 40% since the beginning of the 2000s.



The reindeer pastures and husbandry are covered in a separate indicator set for its special qualities and practices.


Grazing 2010. TIKE. Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Number of Livestock. TIKE. Information Centre of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.


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