Function: Reindeer population and reindeer birth rate

REINDEER POPULATION

The reindeer population remained quite stable in the first half of the 20th century. In the 1970s the number of reindeer began to rise and the increasing trend continued until 1990 when the population peaked at 290 000 individuals. Since then the number of reindeer decreased quite rapidly and has remained at about 200 000 individuals for the last fifteen years.

Maximum number of reindeer allowed has varied slightly in recent decades. It was lower in the 1970s and early 80s and rose in the 1990s. In the beginning of the 2000s the number was set at 203 700 individuals and has remained unchanged since. In the 1980s and early 90s the number of reindeer exceeded the number allowed, but in recent years the reindeer population size has stayed quite steadily below the limit.

BIRTH RATE

The proportion of fawns to reindeer females varies annually, but on average the proportion was higher in the 1980s and has decresed since. In the 1990s and 2000s the proportion has been approximately 60%. The higher proportion indicates healthier population and better availability and quality of nutrition. 

 

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