Value of reindeer


Economic value of reindeer constitutes mainly of meat. In 2013, the value of reindeer meat was 15,4 million euros. Other material products are pelts, skins, antlers and bones. The revenue of reindeer herding before taxes was 23.2 million euros in 2008. It has been in a moderate rise since the mid-1990s despite the annual fluctuations. The result has not, however, increased. This is a sign of increasing expenses. One of the main expenses is the extra-feeding during winter months. The need for extra-feeding has grown in recent years because of the deterioration of the natural pastures.


Reindeers are also used for tourism as part of tourism activities and in general to promote the image of Lapland.


Reindeer herding is an integral part of the culture and livelihoods of indegenous Saami people in northern Lapland. The number of reindeer owners has decreased in recent years. In the 1980s and early 90s there were more than 7 000 reindeer owners. The number of reindeer peaked at the same time. Since then the number of owners has decreased quite steadily though in recent years the trend seems to have halted.  In 2013 there were 4 532 reindeer owners. Even though the number of reindeer owners has decreased since the mid-1990s the number of reindeer has remained the same. This indicates an increase in herd sizes.


Intrinsic value of reindeer arises from the cultural heritage bounded around the reindeer herding.


Health value of reindeer may be considered as positive health effects of nature tourism and recreation. Reindeer meat often includes less toxins than the meat of farm animals.


Porotalous. The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. [In Finnish]

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