UA5 National urban parks

  This is a response (R) indicator. DPSIR = drivers, pressures, state, impact, responses. This indicator describes a phenomenon that has not existed before 1990 (grey background). Since 1990 the trend of the indicator has been strongly increasing (arrow).
>> Background information



National Urban Parks represent a new approach to conservation that has been enabled by the Land Use and Building Act which came into force at the beginning of 2000. National Urban Parks are not conventional protected areas, but rather aim at safeguarding a continuum from natural habitats to heavily modified parks by setting limitations on city planning.

Eight National Urban Parks have been established so far to preserve those parts of the urban fabric that have special recreational, historical and biodiversity values. The first National Urban Park was founded in 2001 in Hämeenlinna and the latest in 2015 in Forssa. All but one present Urban Parks are situated in medium-sized cities in southern Finland and they cover a total area of 18 200 hectares of which 7 300 consists of land areas.


Impact on biodiversity

National Urban Parks include areas that are important for preserving biodiversity in urban environments. The green infrastructure within an Urban Park must be extensive, undisturbed and form ecological corridors that enbale species to move. Ecological corridors must continue uniform from the centre to the outskirts of the city to natural areas or countryside. National Urban Parks safeguard biodiversity on local and regional levels. Urban parks and natural areas on the outskirts of cities are often particularly species rich habitats.
 This indicator is updated every second year.  

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