UA5 National urban parks

  This is a response (R) indicator. DPSIR = drivers, pressures, state, impact, responses. This indicator describes a phenomenon that has not existed before 1990 (grey background). Since 1990 the trend of the indicator has been strongly increasing (arrow).
>> Background information



National Urban Parks represent a new approach to conservation that has been enabled by the Land Use and Building Act, which came into force at the beginning of 2000. These parks are not conventional protected areas, but rather aim at safeguarding a continuum from natural habitats to heavily modified parks by setting limitations on city planning.

Six National Urban Parks have been established so far to preserve those parts of the urban fabric that have special recreational, historical and biodiversity values. The first National Urban Park was founded in 2001 and the latest in 2013. All present parks are situated in medium-sized cities in southern Finland and they cover a total area of 14 700 hectares.


Impact on biodiversity

National Urban Parks include areas that are important in preserving biodiversity of urban nature. The green infrastructure must be extensive, undisturbed and continuous and ecological corridors are essential for moving and interaction of species and populations. Ecological corridors must continue uniform from the centre to the outskirts of the city to natural areas or countryside. National Urban Parks can be evaluated to safeguard biodiversity in local and regional levels.

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